The Underground exists to speak truth to power and to allow dissent within and of forced compliance societies. Without mechanisms to support extensive freedoms from mandated oversights of various systems required for individual, species and environment, an elite with enough control of finance and politics to set the pattern for tyranny shall always prevail.
When a society is forced to contribute to overseerers for any purposes, the agendas of those overseers gets prioritized. When methods such as laws, courts, prisons, are used in conjunction with enforcement that includes the preclude or the actual use of violence, this is called forced compliance. Forced compliance requires the use of deadly violence as a final solution against peaceful persons to be known as tyranny, which extracts liberty. The ideology behind why forced compliance is mandatory does not matter. Individuals who are self declared and self aware free people made to endure forced compliance are said to be enslaved.
Many times in history past The Underground was represented by many and a wide range of factions. From the beginnings of human societies with controlling entities over them there has been an underground. In societies of nations where harsh or evil individuals or groups of people control the populations, underground movements have disposed the regimes. Sometimes with the help of much larger and powerful allies, and sometimes single handily.
Many people mistake the underground as terminology to mean illegal, which it usually is when functioning under repressive forced compliance states. Yet modern slang has purposed it to mean criminal activities and law breaking which is both an over simplification and a non-applicable description. Underground movements correctly identified will always be of persons coming together for purposes of securing freedom from forced compliance systems. Actual instances of underground movements would include:
** Various kinds of revolutions not based on religious or purely political endeavor; such as the American Revolutionary War.
** Resistance fighters in wars of occupation; such as local partisan movements during World War II in Europe.
** Formed groups of disobedience under USSR occupation and against communist, socialist or totalitarian states.
** Modern activist and non-compliant groups centered on economic cronyism involving overseers of systems of forced compliance.
Civil rights movements may or may not have facets of an underground movement. Most civil and personal rights movements are public involving large groups of people in unison declaring their allegiance to ideas about social norms, as well as legal representations in dispute. Those things alone are in part definition of a civil or public faction, which is not purely underground.
The same can be said of all modern activism, the differences are in the aspects of economic control by overseers in a forced compliance system, which a civil rights movement and an underground one will share, yet civil movements will focus more on personal and group rights within compliance systems, whereas underground movements will seek to be separate from or in direct disregard to established compliance systems. One seeks change within the system, one adheres to change despite the established system.
Many movements which would be considered underground are not correctly identified because they are overly religious or political. To tell the difference, apply this test; does the movement seek truth, greater freedoms and less control by overseers? Does it make no difference the political affiliation, or lack thereof, or the religious beliefs of the participants? Does the movement have stability and capability without assets or allowed behaviors formed from forced compliance systems?
If all three questions are affirmative, then you have the mere basics of an independent underground movement. A reliant movement would be one funded by political players or involving larger groups with agendas outside or in contrast to the core reasons of the movement it supports. For example, most modern wars after World War II have been facilitated by reliant movements.
A truly independent underground movement is not dictated by nor reliant upon funding from outside sources to be solvent and healthy. Most true underground movements of the past begin with a few people and are richly network developed by the time small numbers outside the movement are aware of the presence of The Underground. Usually once this awareness happens, the movement will be large enough to remain solvent and effective if challenged, even should the main components be dispersed. Modern underground movements may begin quickly using established networks and are considered solvent when the movement exists once overseers of the forced compliance system cannot stop or destroy the movement.
In contrast, what in modern parlance is often referred to as the underground, such as the mafia and gang related organizations, are part of what are factually known as the criminal underworld. These are not underground movements. Their modus operandi is to gain revenue through criminality outside of legal systems or other law breaking to do harm to or control others, outside of civil disobedience and pure purposes of freedom from forced compliance systems.
Another modern aspect of true underground movements is the non-state or new state imperative. Conflicts started by or abated by current nation states, including movements meant to install theological states are not underground movements. The Nation State of New Jerusalem and it's relationship with Free People through the support of True Democracy and specifically the Freedom Agenda is an example of a post-modern uni-lateral development of an underground movement.